ULTRASOUND MEASURES RISK OF PULMONARY EDEMA FROM PREECLAMPSIA

A lung ultrasound could help physicians quickly determine whether a pregnant woman with preeclampsia is at risk of respiratory failure, according to preliminary research published in Anesthesiology. About 60,000 women worldwide die as a result of preeclampsia, which causes severely high blood pressure. Potential complications include stroke, bleeding, and pulmonary edema, which can lead to respiratory failure. The study suggests …

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Breast Imagers Assess MBI’s Role in Cancer Detection

Mbi

As dense breast tissue notification laws expand and draw media coverage, the role of molecular breast imaging (MBI) also is drawing more attention in breast cancer detection. New research looking at everything from lesion detection rates to specificity and dose reductions is helping breast imagers define MBI’s place in the rotation of adjunct breast imaging options. Physicians and industry experts …

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Three-Year Results of Prostate Embolization Trial

Prostatic Artery Embolization PAE

Utilizing prostatic artery embolization (PAE) to shrink the prostate without surgery can provide long-term relief to men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common condition that causes annoying symptoms such as frequent trips to the bathroom. Results from a study of nearly 500 men receiving PAE treatment were presented at SIR’s annual meeting. Researchers reported that 72% of men experienced …

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Breast Imaging

Gentler Breast Biopsy

Nonscreened Patients With Breast Cancer Need More Treatment Than Screened Patients Screening women aged 40 to 49 for breast cancer has additional benefits beyond the proven decrease in mortality rate, according to researchers at Case Western Reserve University. Patients screened with mammography are statistically less likely to undergo chemotherapy, avoiding the associated toxic morbidities. Screening mammography also helps identify a …

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Assessing Consciousness in Patients With Brain Damage

Assessing Consciousness In Patients With Brain Damage

PET is a promising tool for determining which severely brain-damaged individuals in a vegetative state could potentially recover consciousness, according to new research published in The Lancet. It’s the first time that researchers have tested the diagnostic accuracy of functional brain imaging techniques in clinical practice. “Our findings suggest that PET imaging can reveal cognitive processes that aren’t visible through …

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Plaque Analysis May Improve Risk Assessment

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Quantitative plaque analysis using cardiac CT angiography (CCTA) provides an accurate assessment of arterial plaque and could dramatically impact the management of patients with diabetes who face a high risk of heart attacks and other cardiovascular events, according to new research. Plaque that forms in the arterial walls can restrict blood flow and, in some cases, rupture, leading to potentially …

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Cirrhosis Screening May Improve Liver Cancer Survival

Liver Cancer2 Tstock E1405473442293

Liver cancer survival rates could be improved if more people with cirrhosis are screened for tumors using ultrasound scans and blood tests, according to a review published in PLOS Medicine by physicians at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. The meta-analysis of 47 studies involving more than 15,000 patients found that the three-year survival rate was much higher among patients …

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Depression in the Elderly Linked to Alzheimer’s Risk

Depression In The Elderly Linked To Alzheimer S Risk

Alzheimer’s disease researchers are investigating whether depression in the latest stages of life may be related to beta-amyloid plaque, a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. The research, presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging’s annual meeting, is investigating the possibility that depression may be a major risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s faster than others. Alzheimer’s disease begins developing …

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Focused Ultrasound Reduces Bones Metastases Pain

Focused Ultrasound Reduces Bones Metastases Pain

When cancer progresses and spreads to the bone, patients often suffer debilitating pain. A new phase III clinical trial shows that noninvasive MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment that heats the cancer within the bone relieves pain and improves function for most patients when other treatment options are limited. The results were published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. …

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IMPLANTABLE SENSOR MEASURES BRAIN TUMOR OXYGEN

IMPLANTABLE SENSOR MEASURES BRAIN TUMOR OXYGEN 2

Unlike healthy cells, cancer cells thrive when deprived of oxygen. Tumors in low-oxygen environments tend to be more resistant to therapy and spread more aggressively to other parts of the body. Measuring tumors’ oxygen levels could help physicians make decisions about treatments, but there’s currently no reliable, noninvasive way to make such measurements. However, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) …

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